Genesis 3:4-5 The Lie.
- Calvin would seem to support this idea. As we read further, we don’t find Satan named. Why? God knew who was behind the lie. Evidently it was not necessary for Adam or Eve to know.
- The issue, after all, was not Satan but Adam and Eve. Will they obey God or chose their own way which unknown perhaps to them was manipulated by Satan.
- All we know is that a crafty serpent (cf. Matt. 10:16) talks Eve into eating the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, which she then hands to Adam. the serpent is simply one of God’s creatures.
- The explicit equation of the serpent with the Satan, the accuser, comes in later Jewish and Christian apocalyptic works (e.g., 2 Enoch, Revelation).
Genesis 3:6 What did the woman see (understand)?
- (1) the tree was good for food. Physical appetite is involved. Was she hungry? Is our relationship to food the same as the woman’s?
- (2) it was a delight to the eyes. How much are we affected/motivated by our eyes? The Scriptures says something about the eyes. Eyes are not evil. Psalm 101:3 gives a guidance “I will not look with approval on anything that is vile.
- (3) the tree was to be desired to make one wise. We would have to read the whole book of Proverbs and consider many other Scriptures to understand how this desire for wisdom produced sin. How about our modern quest for ever increasing knowledge? Will that quest produce obedience to God or sin?
- Adam is delivered as an act of the grace of God rather than an act of repentance by Adam.
- Adam still believed in God.
- Adam is delivered.
My opinion about Adam – Will Adam be in heaven? I think so because of the above grace of God. Tom asked about whether Adam met the criteria of been born again? The term “born again” is actually ambiguous and can mean a second time or born from above. Technically Adam was born from above since he was uniquely created from the dust of the earth by the Hand from Above – God. Old Testament salvation is based upon two things – belief in God and the grace of God. The sacrificial system used both of these things to teach God’s people about salvation. Adam is a unique individual and the Jews were incorporated into a covenant people thus giving them salvation. New Testament salvation places us by faith in Christ based upon belief in God and the grace of God. The sacrifice of the Lord Jesus Christ is the basis for salvation whether in the Old Testament or New Testament. Faith is effective to salvation because of the object of faith not the exercise of faith on the part of the believer. Calvin says “a new remedy was offered him in sacrifices.”
- Is it a sin to be deceived?
- Did Eve lie about being deceived?
- Was the Fall the result of deception?
- Does the knowledge of good and evil define the ability to detect deception?
But who compelled Eve to listen to his fallacies, and even to place confidence in them more readily than in the word of God?
Paul says that Adam was not deceived but Eve was deceived and became a transgressor (1 Tim. 1:14)
Genesis 3:14-19 There are consequences for mankind’s sin. God speaks to these consequences. He verbalizes them. He does not leave us to speculate. He pronounces.
- To the woman. Many Christian theologians (going back to Irenaeus) understand v. 15 as the so-called protevangelium, prophesying Christ’s victory over Satan. In this case “pain and trembling” refers to the physical effects of childbirth. Conflict between man and woman will become the norm in human society.
- To the man. Adam is condemned because he disobeyed God and listened to his wife. Five words are used in the condemnation: (1) cursed is the ground because of you; (2) pain shall plague your labor; (3) you will harvest thorns and thistles for your pain; (4) you shall eat the plants of the field; (5) to dust you shall return.
A Summary of Genesis 3
- Adam and Eve sinned because they doubted God’s Word. (Genesis 3:1-3)
- Eve believed and Adam accepted a lie in the place of truth. (Genesis 3:4,5)
- The sin of Eve and Adam was an overt act of disobedience. (Genesis 3:6)
- The sin of Adam and Eve made them afraid. (Genesis 3:7-10)
- There was no way for Adam and Eve to avoid the consequences of sin. (Genesis 3:11-13)
- The sin of Adam and Eve made God speak His wrath to them. (Genesis 3:14-19)
- The result of sin is a mixture of justice, wrath, mercy and grace. (Genesis 3:20-24)